Things that will Happen to the Countries that are Near Judah

An EasyEnglish Bible Version with Notes (1200 word vocabulary) on Isaiah chapters 13-23

The translated Bible text has yet to go through Advanced Checking.

A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them.

Isaiah wrote his book in the Hebrew language. Words in brackets, ( … ), are not in the Hebrew Bible.


Chapter 13

God will destroy Babylon

v1 (These are) serious words (about) Babylon that Isaiah the son of Amoz ‘saw’.

The word ‘saw’ here means ‘understood’. He may also have ‘seen’ something that God showed to him.

v2 Lift up a sign on an empty hill. Shout aloud to them and lift a hand! Then they will go through the gates of the kings.

v3 I myself have sent my *holy ones. I have told them what they must do. Also, my brave soldiers (must say) that I am very angry. I have sent them. (They are) my *proud (soldiers). Nobody has ever beaten them.

Verse 3 ‘holy ones’ here may mean *angels. Or it may mean the soldiers that God will use.

v4 (Listen to) the sound of a very big crowd! (They are) people (that are) on the mountains! (Listen to) the sound of these people. They are shouting while they come together from many countries! The *LORD of Many (Armies) is preparing an army ready for war.

v5 People are coming from a country that is far away. (They are coming) from the ends of the skies. The *LORD (is coming) with arms, (because he is) angry. He will destroy the whole country (of Babylon).

v6 Weep, because the day of the *LORD is near. It will happen when *Shaddai destroys (your country).

v7 Everybody’s hands will become weak because of this. And every human heart will fail,

v8 and they will be very much afraid. They will hurt and they will be in much pain. They will be (afraid) like a woman that is having (a baby). They will look at each other and their faces will frighten each other.

v9 Look! The day of the *LORD will happen (soon!) (It will be) cruel. (The *LORD) will be angry. He will be like an angry fire! It will make the country (of Babylon) empty and it will kill (all the) *sinners in it.

v10 Yes! The stars in the skies, all of them, will give no light. When the sun appears (in the morning), it will still be dark. The moon will not shine.

v11 I will cause very bad things to happen to the world. And (I will *punish) bad people for their *sins. I will not let *proud people think that they are better (than anyone else). And I will beat strong people that hurt (weak people).

v12 I will make men harder to find than the best gold. And men and women will be more difficult to find than gold from Ophir.

v13 So I will cause the skies to move. The earth will move. And (people) will see how angry the *LORD of Many (Armies) is.

v14 And people will look at each other and they will run away to their own country. They will be like wild animals that run away from the hunter. Or (they will be) like sheep with nobody to lead them.

v15 (The foreign army) will (kill) with sharp knives anyone that tries to run away. And they will kill with the *sword anyone that they catch.

v16 They will break young children into pieces while (the children’s parents) watch. They will rob the people’s homes and they will have sex with their wives.

v17 Look, I will cause the Medes to come (to fight) against (Babylon). (The Medes) do not ask for *silver or gold.

v18 Their bows will kill the young men. They will not be kind to babies. And they will not seem sorry for the children.

v19 And Babylon will be like Sodom and Gomorrah when God destroyed them. (This will happen even if other) countries think, ‘Babylon is beautiful.’ The people in *Chaldea are *proud of (Babylon).

v20 People will never live there again. And none of its children will ever live there again. No Arab will put his *tent there. No farmers will cause their animals to lie down there.

v21 Only wild animals will lie down there. Its houses will be full of *owls that scream. And *ostriches will live there. Wild goats will dance about in it.

v22 *Hyenas will make a noise in its tall buildings and *jackals will live in its beautiful *palaces. (The Medes) will soon destroy it. It does not have many more days.

Chapter 14

A few words about Israel

v1 The *LORD will be sorry for *Jacob and he will choose Israel again. Then he will give them rest in their own country. Also, people from a foreign country will join themselves to the people of Jacob. They will really become united with them. v2 And the (foreign) people will take the people (of Israel) and bring them to their own country (Israel). Then the people of Israel will rule the foreign people in the *LORD’s country. They (the foreign people) will become male and female slaves. So the people that made (Israel) *prisoners, will be prisoners themselves! (Israel) will rule over the people that were cruel to them.

More about Babylon

v3 On that day, this will happen. The *LORD will give you rest from these things:

·           all your pain and illnesses

·           the cruel way that (your enemies) caused you to work.

v4 You will laugh at the king of Babylon. Then you will say (to him), ‘Now you cannot be cruel to us, nor can you attack us!

v5 The *LORD has destroyed the authority of bad people. He has removed the power of the rulers (of Babylon).

v6 (The rulers of Babylon) hit many people because they were angry with them. They never stopped hitting them. They were very angry, so they attacked (other) countries. They never stopped fighting them.

v7 (But now) there is no war in the whole world and it can rest. Everyone is singing (because they are so happy)!

v8 Even the *pine trees and the *cedar trees in Lebanon are happy. (They say this) to you, (king of Babylon): “Since (the *LORD) beat you, nobody has come to cut us down!”

v9 When you arrive there, you will get much interest from (the people in) *Sheol. People there will (come) to meet you! You will wake up the Rephaim, who were all leaders on the earth. (They will come) to say, “welcome” to you. All who were kings of the their countries will stand up from their seats.

v10 All of them will speak to you and say this. “Even you have become as weak as we (are)! You have become like us!”

v11 Your *pride will bring you down to *Sheol with the noise of your *harps. Under you will be a bed of *maggots and (over you) a blanket of *worms.’

More words about Babylon

Some Christians believe that these words are also about *Satan.

v12                              ‘Look at you! You have fallen from the skies!

                                                You shine. (You are called the) Son of the Dawn!

                        You made many countries low, but now you are low yourself!

v13                  You said in your mind, “I will go up into the *heavens.

                                    I will put my seat above the stars of God.

                        I will sit in the mountain in the far north with God’s leaders.

v14      I will rise above the tops of the clouds. I will be like the *Most High.”

v15                  But he has brought you down to *Sheol, to the deepest *Pit!’

More words about Babylon

v16 ‘Those (people) that see you will really look at you. They will think this about you. “This is the man that caused the earth to move. He caused countries to *shake.

v17 (This is the man) that made the world like a *desert. He destroyed its cities. He did not let his *prisoners go (back to their) homes.”

v18 All the kings of all the countries – yes! all of them – lie down in a good place. Each (king lies) in his own *grave.

v19 But you, they will throw you out without a *grave! You will be like a branch (that people throw) away. Or (you will be like) the clothes of a dead man that a *sword has cut. (You will be like) someone that fell on to the stones in a big hole. Or (you will be like) a dead body that people have kicked.

v20 They will not bury you with the other (kings of Babylon). Here are the reasons:

·           You have destroyed your country.

·           You have killed your (own) people.

Nobody will ever remember again this son of very bad people!

v21 Prepare a place where they will kill his children. (They will kill them) because their parents *sinned. Then his children will not rule the world or fill it with cities.’

v22 ‘I will fight against them’, says the *LORD of Many Armies. The *LORD of Many Armies also says, ‘I will remove the name of Babylon. (I will remove its) people that remain, their children and their children’s children.’ v23 The *LORD of Many Armies says this also: ‘I will make (Babylon) a place where *owls live. Also, (it will be a place) where there are pools of water. And I will take it away completely (like a man sweeps things away) with a brush.’

A few words about Assyria

v24 The *LORD of Many Armies has *made a serious promise. ‘It will happen as my *plan says. I will really do what I have decided to do. v25 I will kill the man from Assyria in my country. Also, I will put him under my feet on my mountains. Then, he will not be cruel to my people. Also, they will not have to carry his heavy weights again.’ v26 This is the plan that (he) made for the whole earth. And this is the hand that (he) lifted over all the *nations. v27 This is the plan of the *LORD of Many Armies. Nobody can change it. He has lifted up his hand. Nobody can change this.

A few words about Philistia

v28 In the year that King Ahaz died, (Isaiah) received this message:

v29 ‘Do not feel happy, you people in Philistia. (God) has broken the stick that hit you. But from that snake a more dangerous snake will come. And from that (snake) will come a snake that can fly!

v30 But poor people will feed their (animals) that were born first. And people that need (help) will sleep safely. Then I will cause your people (in Philistia) to die because there is no food. And I will kill the people that remain.

v31 Gate (of the city), cry! City (itself), scream! Move away, all you people in Philistia! (Do this) because smoke will come from the north. Everybody in (that) army will march quickly.’

Verse 31 The gate in a city was the place where important people met. So the word ‘gate’ may mean these important people here.

v32 ‘What shall we say to the people that bring messages from the government? Say that the *LORD has built Zion. And (say) that his poor people will be safe there.’

Chapter 15

Words about Moab

v1 (This is) a serious message (about) Moab.

            It is true! In one night (an enemy) destroyed Ar (and) Moab made no noise.

            It is true! In one night (an enemy) destroyed Kir in Moab (and Moab made) no noise.

v2 (The people in) Dibon have gone up to their *temple to weep. (They have gone up to) the high places. Moab is crying about Nebo and Medeba. Every head is bald and (they have) cut off every beard.

v3 They are wearing hairy cloth in the streets. On the roofs (of their houses) they are weeping. And in the open places (in their towns they are weeping). *Tears cover their faces.

v4 Then (the people in) Heshbon and Elealeh cried aloud. (People) as far away as Jahaz heard the sound! The soldiers of Moab cry aloud (because they are afraid). The minds (of Moab’s people) are afraid.

v5 Inside, I feel like a man who is crying aloud for Moab! Its people have run away as far as Zoar (and) Eglath Shelishijah.

            It is true! They weep while they climb up the hill to Luhith.

            It is true! On the road to Horonaim they shout aloud, ‘(An enemy) has destroyed (us)!’

‘Inside, I feel like a man who is crying aloud for Moab!’ Isaiah means that he feels very sad.

v6 It is true! It is not wet; it is dry in (the Valley of) Nimrim.

            It is true! The grass is dead. Nothing new is growing. (And) there is nothing (that is) green.

v7 So, they are carrying away over the Wadi Arabim whatever they found still (in the fields). And they are carrying away what they have saved.

The Wadi Arabim was a small river.

v8 It is true! The sounds (of people that ask for help) reach the edges of Moab. (People) as far as Eglaim heard (Moab’s) sad songs. (Moab’s) sad songs reached Beer Elim.

v9 It is true! Blood fills the waters of Dimon.

            It is true! More (bad) things will happen to Dimon. A *lion will wait for those that run away from Moab. And (it will wait) for those that remain (in the) country.

Chapter 16

More about Moab

v1 Send young sheep from the ruler of the country (to Jerusalem). Send them from Sela across the *desert to the mountain of the *Daughter of Zion (Jerusalem).

v2 The women from Moab (are crossing) the River Arnon. (They are) like birds that are learning to fly. (The mother bird) has pushed them out from their home.

v3 Tell us what we should do! Be fair about what you say! Cause your shadow (over us) to seem like it is night in the middle of the day! Hide the *refugees! Do not show (to their enemies) the people that have run away!

v4 Let the people from Moab who are running away stay with you. Hide them from (the enemy that is) killing them.

            It is true! People will not be cruel to those who are weak. People will not destroy things. People that fight will *disappear from the country.

v5 Someone from David’s family will build a *kingdom. The man that rules it will be fair and honest. He will be a fair *judge. He will decide rightly. And he will quickly cause (his people) to do what is right.

v6 We have heard about the *pride of Moab. (Moab was) very *proud. In its *pride, (Moab) thought that it was better (than other people). And Moab said things that were not kind (to them).

v7 So Moab weeps. All Moab weeps for itself. Sing a sad song. And cry for the cakes made with very dry grapes from Kir Hareseth!

v8 It is true! There are no (fruits) in the fields in Heshbon. And (there is nothing on) the *vine of Sibmah. The rulers of (other) countries have destroyed its branches. (The branches) reached to Jazer (in the north-west) and as far as the *desert (in the east). Its new branches grew and they crossed over (the Dead) Sea.

v9 Because of this, I weep for the *vine of Sibmah, as Jazer weeps. I put my tears all over you, Heshbon and Elealeh.

            It is true! The noise of war has fallen on your plants and on your fruit.

Verses 8 and 9 Isaiah seems to write about the vines in Sibmah like they were one big vine.

v10 Nobody is really happy in the fields. Nobody sings or shouts (because they are happy) in the *vineyards. Nobody jumps on the *grapes in the places where they make *wine. I have caused the noise to stop.

v11 So, I cry deep inside me for Moab. It is like the sad sound of a *harp. And I am hurting for Kir Hareseth.

v12 And when the people in Moab come to their high place, they will become very tired. When they come to pray at their *temple, nothing will happen.

v13 Those are the words that the *LORD has already spoken about Moab. v14 But now the *LORD says, ‘In three years, everybody will laugh at Moab. Count these years like (the years that) people pay a worker. Then (God) will make all Moab’s many *proud people *humble. And only a few of them will remain, a very small number.’

Chapter 17

Words about Damascus

v1 (This is a) serious message (about) Damascus. Look! (The enemy) broke the city called Damascus into a lot of stones.

v2 Nobody lives in the cities of Aroer. They have become (places) where groups (of animals) lie down. Nobody makes them afraid.

v3 There are no strong cities in Ephraim and no kings in Damascus. The few people that remain in Aram are as great as the people of Israel! (This is what) the *LORD of Many Armies is saying.

v4 On that day the *LORD removed the things that *Jacob was *proud of. His fat body became thin!

v5 And it was like when a farmer got all the *grain. He did it while it was still (in a field). With his arm he cut off the fruit from the plants. Then it was like when someone *gleans some of the grain in the Valley of Rephaim.

v6 There was not much in (Israel). It was like someone that hit an *olive tree. There were only two or three small olives on the highest branch. And (there were only) 4 or 5 fruits on the branches of a fruit tree. (This is what) the *LORD, the God of Israel, (is) saying.

v7 On a day (like) that, people should obey their *Maker. They should turn to the *Holy One of Israel.

v8 They should not think that the *altars (can help them). Their hands have made (these altars). They should not turn to what their fingers have made. These are (*images of the female god called) Asherah. And the altars (are where they burn) *incense.

v9 On that day, (Israel’s) strong cities became like empty cities. (They were like) those (other) empty forests and woods. People had left them when Israel (first attacked them). So (the cities) were empty groups of stones, v10 for these reasons. You forgot the God that made you safe. You did not remember the Rock that hid you (from danger). You planted gardens for a false god and you planted *vines for a foreign god.

Verse 10 ‘the Rock’ means God.

v11 So, there were no fruits. On the day that you planted them, you caused them to grow well. They had flowers on the morning that you planted them! But all this finished in a day that was very sad. And (there was) pain that nothing could take away.

v12 Oh, (listen)! (The people in) many countries are *roaring. They are making a noise like an angry sea! And (listen)! The (people in those) countries are roaring, they are roaring like great amounts of water!

v13 The (people in those) countries are *roaring; they are roaring like great amounts of water! But when (the *LORD) will shout at them, they will run far away. The wind will blow them away like dead bits of plants on the hills. Or it will blow them away like dirt that blows about before a storm.

v14 Look! In the evening everyone is very much afraid. And in the morning nobody is there! This is what will happen to anyone that takes things from us. (It will happen to anyone who) robs us.

Chapter 18

Words about Cush

v1 Oh! (There is) a country (where the) ships have *wings. It is near the rivers of Cush.

v2 It is sending messages by people in boats (that they) made from *papyrus. They sail on the top of the waters. Go, take a message quickly. (Go to) a country where (the people) are tall. And their skins are not hairy. (It is a country where everyone), both near and far, is afraid of its people. The country is very strong and rivers cut the land into parts.

There were two places called Cush 2700 years ago. One is near Ethiopia, the other near Iraq. Most Bible students think that here it is Ethiopia. We cannot be sure.

v3 Everybody that lives (in the) world and (on the) earth, (listen to this). You will see a sign on the tops of the mountains. You will hear the sound of a *trumpet.

v4 This (is what) the *LORD said to me. ‘I will watch quietly from my place. I will be as quiet as the heat that shines from the sun. (I will be as quiet as) the *mist that rises at *harvest time.’

v5 Then, before the *harvest, (the *LORD) will cut off the new parts of the plants. He will use a special knife. He will cut off the wide branches and take them away. (He will do this) after the flowers have gone. But (he will do it) before the fruit is ready to pick.

v6 (He) will leave them all for the birds that catch small animals in the mountains to eat. (He will leave them) to the wild animals on the land. The birds (will feed) on them all the summer. And the wild animals will (feed) on them all the winter.

v7 At that time (people) brought gifts to the *LORD of Many Armies. The people are tall and their skins are not hairy. Everyone both near and far is afraid of these people. The country is very strong, and rivers cut the land into parts. (They will come) to a place where the Name of the *LORD of Many Armies is. It is a mountain called Zion.

Chapter 19

Words about Egypt

v1 (This is a) serious message (about) Egypt.

Look! The *LORD will come to Egypt. He will ride on a cloud that will move quickly. The false gods of Egypt will be afraid when he comes. Also, the heart of Egypt will turn into water inside.

‘the heart of Egypt will turn into water inside’ means that all the people in Egypt will be very much afraid.

v2 ‘I will cause Egypt’s men (to fight) against Egypt’s men. A man will fight against his brother. A man will fight against the man that lives near him. A city (will fight) against a city and a *kingdom will fight against a *kingdom.

v3 (I will) pour out the *spirit of Egypt from inside it. And I will confuse their plans. (So) they will ask (for help from) their false gods. And (they will ask for help from) the *spirits of dead people, and from *mediums and from *wizards.

v4 And I will give Egypt into the power of a cruel master. And a powerful king will rule over them.’ (This is what) the *Lord, the *LORD of Many Armies says.

v5 And the waters of the sea will become dry. And the river will have no water and so it will become dry.

v6 And the *canals will have less (water) and they will have a bad smell. And the streams of Egypt will become dry. The *reeds and the other plants that grow by the river will die.

v7 (And) the plants at the side of the river (Nile) will die. And (the plants near) where the river goes into the sea (will die). Everything (that people) plant by the river will become dry. (The wind will) blow it away and (there will be) nothing there.

v8 And the fishers will be very sad. Then, everyone that throws a bent piece of metal and a line into the river will cry. Also, those people that put something on the water to catch fish will have nothing (to eat).

v9 The people that work with the *flax will not know what to do. The women that comb (the flax) will not be happy. Neither will the men that make it into cloth (be happy).

v10 This will destroy the *spirit of the workers (in Egypt). Everyone that works for money (will feel) sick inside them.

v11 The leaders of Zoan are really fools! The best people in Pharaoh’s government say that he must do silly things! You cannot say to Pharaoh, ‘I am a son of a man who knows nearly everything. (I am) a son of (someone who was) king a long time ago.’

v12 Where, then, (Pharaoh), are your clever men? (Or, Pharaoh, you have no clever men!) Cause them to tell you now what they know. They know what the *LORD of Many Armies will do against Egypt.

v13 The leaders in Zoan have made themselves into fools. The leaders of Noph have confused each other. The leaders of (these) groups (of people) have caused Egypt to choose wrongly.

v14 The *LORD has mixed into the people (of Egypt) something that confuses their *spirits. In everything that they do they choose wrongly.) They choose wrongly like a drunk that is being sick.

v15 There is nothing that anybody in Egypt can do. They may be like a head or like a tail, a branch on a *palm tree or a *reed. (There is nothing that they can do.)

v16 In that day the people in Egypt will be afraid, like women. They will be afraid when the *LORD of Many Armies uses his power against them. v17 The (name of the) country called Judah will frighten the people in Egypt very much. When people say (the name Judah), they will be afraid of the *LORD of Many Armies. They will be afraid of what he has decided to do against them.

v18 In that day 5 cities in the country called Egypt will speak the language of *Canaan. (The people in them) will promise to obey the *LORD of Many Armies. One of the towns will be called Sun City.

v19 In that day there will be an *altar to the *LORD in the middle of the country called Egypt. Also, (there will be) a tall stone to the *LORD at the edge (of Egypt). v20 Those (two things) will be like notices to tell (everyone in) the country called Egypt about the *LORD of Many Armies. (The people in Egypt) will pray to the *LORD because other people are cruel to them. Then, this is what he will do. He will send someone to make them safe. And he will send a *judge who will remove the danger from them. v21 And the *LORD will know the people in Egypt. And also, the people in Egypt will know the *LORD in that day. And they will *worship (the *LORD) and they will offer gifts to him. They will *make promises to the *LORD. And they will do what they have promised to do. v22 And (if) the *LORD should send to Egypt a *plague, he (really) will hurt them. But then he will make them well again. And then they will return to the *LORD. And he will answer their *prayers and he will make them well.

v23 In that day there will be a road from Egypt to Assyria. (People from) Assyria will go to Egypt and (people from) Egypt will go to Assyria. People from Egypt and Assyria will *worship together.

v24 In that day Israel will be the third (country) with Egypt and Assyria. Good things will happen in the middle of the country. v25 The *LORD of Many Armies will do good things for them. He will say, ‘I will do good things for my people Egypt, and Assyria, which I have made. And I will do good things for Israel that I have chosen.’

Chapter 20

Words about Egypt and Cush

v1 In the year (711 *B.C.) (the man called the) Tartan came to Ashdod. (This was) when Sargon, the king of Assyria, sent him. He fought against Ashdod and he destroyed it. v2 In that time the *LORD spoke by Isaiah the son of Amoz. (He) said, ‘Go and take the hairy clothes off your body and the shoes from your feet.’ And (Isaiah) did this. He walked about without clothes and without shoes. v3 And the *LORD said, ‘My servant Isaiah walked without clothes and without shoes for three years. It was a message and a *prophecy against Egypt and Cush. v4 This is what the king of Assyria (will do). He will take away (people) from Egypt as *prisoners. And (he will take people) from Cush as *exiles. Young people and old people will go. They will have no clothes or shoes. (People) will see their bottoms (where the backs of the legs and the body join). This will make the people in Egypt ashamed. v5 They will not be very happy and they will be ashamed. They had hoped that Cush (would help them). And they had said that Egypt (would help them also). v6 The people that live along this coast will say in that day, “Look! This happened to the people that we hoped (would help us). We went to them for help. (We did this) to get away from the king of Assyria. And now, we do not know how to get away (from him).” ’

Chapter 21

Words about Babylon

v1 (This is) a serious message about the *desert near the sea. It comes from the *desert. (It comes) from a frightening place. It is like a storm from the *Negev *desert.

Verse 1 Bible students do not know where this desert was. It was either south of Jerusalem, or south of Babylon. This translation believes that it was Babylon.

v2 I received a difficult message. The robber robs and the destroyer destroys. Elam, go up (to Babylon)! Media, attack (Babylon)! (The *LORD says,) ‘I will stop (Babylon) crying.’

v3 (All) this hurts me. Bad pains attack me. (They are) like the bad pains that a woman feels. (She feels them) when she has a baby. What I hear bends me over. And that is why I cannot listen. What I see frightens me. And that is why I cannot look.

v4 It confuses my mind. I am very much afraid. I wanted a quiet evening. But now that quiet evening has become (a time) when I am very much afraid.

v5 They prepare a special meal. They put down the carpets. They eat and drink. Officers, make your *shields ready!

v6 This is what the *Lord said to me. ‘Go! And cause somebody to stand and to watch (what will happen). (Ask) him to report what he sees.

v7 If he reports (one of these) then cause him to watch.

·           a rider

·           a pair of (men on) horses

·           a rider on a *donkey

·           a rider on a *camel.

And he must watch very well.’

v8 Then the man that watched shouted. (He said), ‘*Lord, I am standing every day on a building (from which I can see everything). I am standing at my place every night.

v9 And look! Someone is coming! (It is) a rider, (it is) a man with a pair of horses!’ (The man) reports and says this. ‘(An enemy) has destroyed Babylon! (The enemy) has destroyed it! All the *images of its people’s gods lie in pieces on the ground!’

v10 (Judah), they have hurt you. They have hurt you very much. (But) I have told you what I have heard from the *LORD of Everything. (He is) the God of Israel.

Words about Edom

v11 (This is) a serious message about Dumah. Someone is shouting to me from Seir. (They are asking,) ‘Keeper, how much more of the night (is there)? Keeper, how much more of the night (is there)?’

v12 The keeper said, ‘The morning will come, (but) so will the night. If you want to ask (again, then) come back. Come (and) ask!’

Words about Arabia

v13 (This is) a serious message about Arabia. *Caravans of people from Dedan, you will find a safe place (behind) the bushes in the *wild country.

v14 (There) you will give water to (people) who need a drink. People that live in Tema will give bread to the *refugees.

v15 (Do this) because they are running away from (all this):

·           *swords

·           swords (that are) ready to fight

·           bows (that soldiers have) bent

·           the dangerous *battle.

v16 This is what my *Lord has said to me. ‘In less than a year, all the important people in Kedar will have gone. A servant (that someone has) paid counts a year. Count the year like that. v17 Only a few of the men that use bows (from the) soldiers of the men from Kedar will remain. (This will happen) because the *LORD, the God of Israel, has spoken.’

Chapter 22

Words about Jerusalem

Words about the city itself

v1 (This is) a serious message about the Valley (in Jerusalem that Isaiah ‘saw’) in a *vision. Something is the matter with you. You have all gone up on to the roofs of your houses!

The word ‘saw’ here means ‘understood’. He may also have ‘seen’ something that God showed to him.

v2 (Your) city is full of noise. And (it is full of people that are) rushing about. The town is having a party! The *sword did not kill the people that are dead. They did not die in a war.

v3 (The enemy) caught all your leaders that ran away. (The enemy) did not have to use one bow. Some of them ran a long way away, but (the enemy) caught them all!

v4 So I said, ‘Leave me alone! Let me cry the saddest *tears. Do not try to make me happy, because (the enemy will) kill many of my people.

v5 (This is) because my *Lord, the *LORD of Everything, will have a day of noise. (It will be) in the Valley of *Vision (in Jerusalem). There will be feet that are running and (it will) confuse people. (The enemy) will destroy walls and people will shout (for help) to the hills.’

v6 (People will say), ‘(People from) Elam carried baskets of *arrows. (There were) men with *chariots and horses and (soldiers from) Kir lifted up (their) *shields.’

v7 So your best valleys will be full of *chariots and men on horses will attack (your city’s) gates.

v8 (The *LORD) will take away from Judah the place where its people hide themselves. So, in that day, you will look for arms in the House of the Forest (in Jerusalem).

v9 You will see that there are many holes in the walls of the City of David. Also, you will get water from the Lower Pool.

v10 Then you will count the houses in Jerusalem. And you will knock down the houses to make the walls (of Jerusalem) stronger.

v11 You may have built a place inside the walls (of Jerusalem) to put water from the Old Pool. But you have not looked to its *Maker. And you did not see the person that made plans for it long ago.

v12 And in that day my *Lord, the *LORD of Everything, will ask for (people) to weep and to cry aloud. He will ask them to cut the hair off their heads. Also, they must wear hairy clothes.

v13 But look! (Everybody is) happy, they are very happy. They are killing cows and sheep. They will eat meat and drink. (They are saying,) ‘We will eat and drink, because tomorrow we will die.’

v14 But this is what the *LORD of Everything has told me. ‘(I will) certainly not excuse this *sin until you (all) die.’ (This is what) my *Lord, the *LORD of Everything said.

Words about one of the leaders in Jerusalem called Shebna

v15 This (is what) my *Lord, the *LORD of Everything, said. (He said,) ‘Stand up and go to this (man) Shebna. He has authority in (the king’s) house.

v16 (Say to him,) “You should not be here. (God did not say) that you (could be) here. You have cut (in the rock) here for yourself a *tomb. You have cut a tomb in the side of the hill. You have cut for yourself a place in the rock to put your dead body.

v17 Look! The *LORD will throw you; he will throw you (away, you) strong man! (First) he will hold on to you in his strong hand.

v18 (Then) he will make you like a ball; he will make you like a ball. (Then he will) throw you like a ball into a wide country. You will die there. (There) your great *chariots will make your master’s family ashamed.”

v19 I will remove you from your job. And he will throw you down from the place where you are an officer.’

Words about another leader, called Eliakim

v20 ‘And this is what will happen in that day. I will tell my servant Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah that he must come.

v21 And I will put on him your (Shebna’s) special clothes and I will tie your special belt round him. And I will give him your authority. Then he (Eliakim) will become (like) a father to everyone that lives in Jerusalem and to the people of Judah.

v22 And I will put the key of the family of David on his shoulder. What he opens, nobody will close. What he closes, nobody will open.

v23 And I will fix him in place (like a) strong bent piece of metal. And he will make his father’s house famous.

v24 But the whole weight of his father’s family will hang on him (like that piece of metal). All his children and their children, like cups and bottles that contain things, (will hang on him).’ v25 (This is what) the *LORD of Everything says: ‘In that day the bent piece of metal that (they) fixed strongly, will not hold. (I will) cut it down and it will fall. And the weight on it will fall off because the *LORD has spoken (it).’

Chapter 23

Words about Tyre

v1 (This is) a serious message about Tyre.

Cry aloud, (you people in) the ships (that go) to Tarshish. (An enemy) has destroyed it. There is no house to come home to. They heard about this in the country called Cyprus.

v2 Weep, (you people) that live on the island. (Weep, you) *merchants of Sidon, that the sailors made rich.

v3 *Grain came from the River Nile on the great seas. The fruits from the River Nile brought money (to Phoenicia). So it became a market place for (many) countries.

v4 (You people that live in) Sidon, be ashamed. (Be ashamed,) because the sea has spoken. The power of the sea, (Tyre), has said, ‘I have not been *in labour. (Children) have not been born. I have not had sons nor been a parent to daughters.’

v5 When (the people in) Egypt receive the news, they will be in much pain at the report from Tyre.

v6 Cross over to Tarshish! Cry aloud, you people that live on the island.

v7 (This is) the city where you had many parties. It is old, very old. (Now) their feet have taken its people to live in countries that are far away.

v8 People do not know who made these plans against Tyre. (Tyre is the city that) gives *crowns (to people). Its *merchants are like kings. Its merchants are famous in (all) the world.

v9 The *LORD of Everything thought that he should do this. (He did not want) people to feel more important than they were. And (he wanted) to cause all the famous people in the world not to feel important. (That is why he did it.)

v10 Travel through your country, people in Tarshish, as (easily as the people in Egypt travel along) the River Nile. (Travel) because now, nobody will stop you.

v11 The *LORD has lifted his hand over the sea. He made *kingdoms afraid. He told (his armies) what they must do in Phoenicia. (They had to) destroy all (Phoenicia’s) strong buildings.

v12 Then he said, ‘Do not continue your parties. (The enemy) has destroyed you, you people that live in Sidon. Get up! Cross over to Cyprus. Even there you will not find rest for yourself.’

v13 Look at the country called Babylon! Its people are all dead! The (armies) from Assyria made it a place for wild animals (to live in). They (the men from Assyria) built small mountains (of earth that they climbed on) to attack it. They took everything away from its strong buildings and they destroyed (Babylon).

v14 Cry aloud, you ships of Tarshish. (Your enemy) has destroyed your strong port.

v15 At that time (people will) forget Tyre for 70 years. This is how long one king lives. At the end of 70 years something will happen to Tyre. It is like the song about the *prostitute.

v16      ‘*Prostitute that (people) have forgotten,

                        walk about the city with your *harp.

                                    Play it well. Sing many songs.

            Then (people) will remember you again.’

v17 At the end of 70 years the *LORD will be kind to Tyre. It will ‘become a *prostitute’ again! (This means that) its *merchants will go to all the *kingdoms of the world on the earth. v18 And this will happen: All the money that (Tyre) gets and all the *profit will go to the *LORD. (Tyre) will not hide it or store it. Rather, the *profit (will go) to the people that live near the *LORD. (They will have) plenty of food and good clothes.

Word List

altar ~ a table where people burn *sacrifices.

angels ~ servants of God that live with him in his home called Heaven.

arrows ~ sticks with sharp points. Bows shoot them.

B.C. ~ 50 B.C. means the year that was 50 years before Jesus came, and so on.

battle ~ big fight between soldiers.

camel ~ an animal that people use to carry heavy weights.

Canaan ~ an old name for Judah.

canal ~ a river that men have made.

caravan ~ here, a group of *camels.

cart ~ a box a bit like a car but without an engine that animals pull along; a thing to carry people in; horses usually pull a cart.

cedar ~ a good tree to build things with, better than the tree called a sycamore.

Chaldea ~ another name for Babylon.

chariots ~ *carts that soldiers rode in; horses pulled the carts.

crown ~ a special hat that a king wears.

Daughter of Zion ~ the people that live in the city called Jerusalem. (Zion is the name of the hill in Jerusalem.)

desert ~ land with much empty space and perhaps sand, but not many people.

disappear ~ the opposite of appear.

donkey ~ an animal like a small horse.

exile ~ people that an enemy takes to another country are ‘in exile’. They are away from home. We also call these people ‘exiles’.

flax ~ a plant that people use to make a cloth called linen.

glean ~ when poor people pick a little bit of fruit that the farmer has not picked.

grain ~ fruit of a plant that people use to make bread.

grapes ~ fruit that people use to make a drink with alcohol in it.

grave ~ a hole where people bury dead people.

guilty ~ people may say that a person has done something; guilty means that he really has done it.

harp ~ you use your fingers to make music with a harp.

harvest ~ the time when people pick their fruit.

heavens ~ here, the home of God.

Hebrew ~ the language that the *Jews spoke.

holy ~ very, very good; only God is really holy; this makes him separate from people; or, holy means something that is used in *religion.

Holy One of Israel ~ one of God’s names.

humble ~ humble people do not think that they are important.

hyenas ~ like dogs, but wild.

images ~ false gods that people made from wood or metal.

in labour ~ a woman is in labour while she has her baby.

incense ~ something that burns with a special, nice smell.

jackals ~ like dogs, but wild.

Jacob ~ in Isaiah 14:1, another word for Israel.

Jew ~ a person who is born from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and their children.

judge ~ to say whether something is right or wrong or fair; or the person who does that.

kingdom ~ a country that has a king.

lion ~ a large and dangerous wild animal.

LORD ~ LORD is a special name of God. In the *Hebrew language it is YAHWEH. It may mean ‘always alive’. So LORD is a sign that the *Hebrew word is YAHWEH.

LORD of Everything ~ a special name for God that Isaiah often used. Some Bibles translate it as ‘*LORD of Angel Armies’. An angel is a servant of God that we usually cannot see.

LORD of Many Armies ~ a special name for God that Isaiah often used. Some Bibles translate it as ‘*LORD of Angel Armies’. An angel is a servant of God that we usually cannot see.

Lord, lord ~ lord means master; Lord is a name for God. It is not the same as *LORD.

maggots ~ insects that often live in dead bodies.

magic ~ when bad *spirits give you help.

make a promise ~ to promise that you will do something.

Maker ~ a name for God, who made everything.

medium ~ someone who says that they can talk to dead people.

merchant ~ someone who buys and sells things to get money.

mist ~ mist is in the air; it makes it difficult to see things.

Most High ~ a name for God.

nation ~ people who live together in the same country.

Negev desert ~ a very sandy place south of Jerusalem with few people in it.

olive ~ a fruit that gives oil that people use to cook.

ostrich ~ a kind of bird.

owl ~ a kind of bird.

palace ~ a big house that a king lives in.

palm ~ a tree that grows in hot countries.

papyrus ~ a plant that grows by water.

pine ~ a beautiful tree that does not lose its leaves in winter.

pit ~ a hole. The deepest Pit in *Sheol was where the worst people went. They went there when they died.

plague ~ something bad, often illnesses.

plan ~ what someone has decided to do.

prayer ~ the words that we say when we pray.

pride ~ something that causes people to feel better than other people, but they may not be.

prisoner ~ someone that is in a prison, or someone who cannot run away.

profit ~ when you sell something for more money than you bought it for.

prophecy ~ words that a *prophet says.

prophet ~ a prophet did two things. He told people what God had said to him. He told people what would happen in future years.

prostitute ~ a woman who sells her body to men for sex.

proud ~ the opposite of *humble. People can be *proud in a good way or in a bad way.

punish ~ hurt somebody because they have done something wrong.

reed ~ a plant that grows near water.

refugee ~ someone who has had to run away from his or her own country.

religion ~ how people *worship their God or false god.

roar ~ make a noise like an angry animal.

sacrifice ~ something that people give to God; sometimes they kill and burn an animal.

Satan ~ the leader of the bad *spirits; God’s worst enemy.

Shaddai ~ a name for God. There are 12 possible translations. But most people think that it means ‘very powerful’.

shake ~ move quickly from one side to another and back again, many times.

Sheol ~ a place under the ground. *Jews believed that you went there when you died.

shield ~ what a soldier uses to stop an enemy’s *sword hurting him.

silver ~ a valuable metal.

sin ~ what we do when we do not obey God; or, we sin when we do not obey God.

sinner ~ a person that *sins.

spirit ~ the part of a person that is alive, which we cannot see; it can speak to other spirits; there are spirits that we cannot see; they can be good or bad.

sword ~ a long knife that soldiers used to kill people.

tears ~ the water that comes from our eyes when we cry.

temple ~ like a large church. The Temple in Jerusalem was the House of God.

tent ~ a house that people make from animal skins, like goats’ skins.

tomb ~ where people put dead bodies.

trumpet ~ you use your mouth to make music with a trumpet.

vine ~ a plant which climbs. Its fruits are called grapes. People use grapes to make *wine.

vineyard ~ a field where people grow *vines. *Grapes grow on vines. People make *wine from grapes. In Isaiah's book, the vineyard often means Judah and Israel.

vision ~ something that a person sees, maybe only in their mind.

wild country ~ Bible students are not sure where this was. It was either south of Jerusalem, or in Babylon. This translation believes that it was in Babylon.

wine ~ a drink that people make from *grapes. It contains alcohol.

wing ~ what a bird uses to fly with.

wizard ~ a man who uses *magic.

worms ~ animals like short snakes that live under the ground.

worship ~ tell someone that they are very great; and tell them that you love them.

Book List

John R. Kohlenberger III ~ The Interlinear NIV Hebrew-English Old Testament ~ Zondervan, 1987

Sir Lancelot Brenton ~ The Septuagint with Apocrypha ~ Hendrickson, 1995

B. Davidson ~ Analytical Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon ~ Bagster, 1959

G. Abbott-Smith ~ Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament ~ T. & T. Clark, 1936

The Comparative Study Bible, NIV, NASB, AB, KJV ~ Zondervan

Various English Translations of the Bible, apart from those above, including:

The English Version for the Deaf ~ Baker, 1992

The Promise ~ Nelson, 1995

The New English Bible ~ Oxford-Cambridge, 1970

The Revised Standard Version ~ Nelson, 1957

The Revised Authorised Version ~ Bagster

The Living Bible ~ Tyndale, 1971

The Revised English Bible ~ Oxford-Cambridge, 1989

The New Revised Standard Version ~ Nelson, 1989

The New Living Translation ~ Tyndale, 1997

The Good News Bible ~ Collins, 1978

The Jerusalem Bible ~ Darton, Longman & Todd, 1968

The Four Prophets ~ J. B. Phillips ~ Bles, 1963

A Handbook on Isaiah ~ UBS Handbooks Helps for Translators Series (Draft Copy)


©1997-2007, Wycliffe Associates (UK)

This publication is written in EasyEnglish Level A (1200 words).

September 2007

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