Israel – meaning in Easy English

God changed the name of Jacob to Israel (Genesis 35). The 12 sons of Jacob were the ancestors of the nation of Israel. Israel was the group of people that God chose. The land that God promised to them was the land of Israel. The children of Israel are Jews or Israelites. After King Solomon died, the country of Israel became two nations. The nation in the north was called Israel. The nation in the south was called Judah.