Song of Songs

About the Song of Songs

Solomon was a very rich king. He lived more than 900 years before Jesus Christ. He had a group of about 1,000 songs. This is the most important song. Perhaps he liked this song best.
Solomon may have written the book. Or it may be a book about Solomon, or about another rich man. Many people respected King Solomon. So the writer may have used Solomon's name here.
This is a book about love. It is a story about a man and a woman. The man loves only the woman. The woman loves only the man.
Different people are speaking in the song. As well as the woman and the man that she loves, we read about the woman's brothers and her mother. There is also a group of her friends.
We do not know, always, who is speaking. Also, we may not know which person they are speaking to. For example, the woman sometimes speaks to the man. Sometimes she speaks to the group of her friends. Sometimes she may only be speaking to show her thoughts to us. To help you, we have put the names of the people above the words that they speak. This is how we understand it.
In some countries, the parents decide about the person that their child will marry. The man and woman may not know each other much until after they are married. In other countries, they meet each other and they themselves choose to marry. The man and woman may have a long time to be friends before they marry.
In this song, a word or a group of words can mean two things. For example, the word vineyard can mean that the woman is in a vineyard. Also, it can mean that she is beautiful, like a vineyard. The word garden can mean that the man and woman are in a garden. But it can also mean that the woman's body is like a garden. The writer uses the word garden to mean the woman's body in chapter 4. This is when the man and woman enjoy each other's bodies.