– You will find the word Lord 4 times in Psalm 14 and the word God 3 times. In Psalm 53, the word Lord is nowhere, but God appears 7 times.
– Verse 5 in Psalm 53 is not the same as in Psalm 14.
Why are there these differences?
There is an English hymn (or Christian song) that starts ‘Eternal Father, strong to save.’ It is a hymn that asks God to give help to sailors. W. Whiting wrote it in 1860. There were no planes in 1860. Since people have travelled by plane, we have needed a new hymn. So, someone has written ‘Eternal Father, strong to save’ again. This time it asks God to give help to airmen. We describe the hymn as ‘rewritten’ (or ‘somebody wrote it again.’) This happened to Psalm 14.
In Psalm 14, David wrote about Moses bringing the Israelites through the Red Sea. God had saved them from Egypt. But now, nearly 300 years after David died, God saved them again. This time he saved them from Assyria. So, Psalm 14 was ‘rewritten.’ It became Psalm 53. It was still David's psalm, but they had to make two changes:
– They put the name God instead of Lord. Perhaps this was because they wanted everyone to know that he was God of the whole world. Lord is a name that only God's people use.
– They changed verses 5 and 6 in psalm 14 to verse 5 in Psalm 53. This says that God threw away the bones of the people that attacked Judah. Those people were the Assyrians.
Will They Never Learn?
This is for the music leader.
Use the music called Mahalath.
It is a special song that David wrote.
None of them does anything that is good.
– Those that make us laugh
– Those that are stupid.
This psalm is about the second group. ‘Thinks’, in Hebrew is ‘says in his heart.’ The Jews believed that you thought with your heart. But you also feel in your heart. It makes you do things good or bad.
He wants to see if there is:
· anyone that understands
· anyone that is looking for God
Nobody does anything good, not one person.
They eat my people as easily as they eat bread.
They do not speak to God.
God threw away the bones of the people that attacked you, his people.
He made the evil doers ashamed because God did not like them.
When God makes his people rich and happy again,
Jacob will sing and Israel will dance.