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Psalm 148

148:0We do not know who wrote Psalm 148. And we do not know when they wrote it. Many Bible students think that the psalmist wrote it to use in the new temple in Jerusalem. The psalmist was the person that wrote the psalm. The temple was God's house in Jerusalem. The army of Babylon destroyed it but 70 years later the Jews built it again.

Psalm 148 is the third Hallelujah Psalm. ‘Hallelujah’ means ‘praise the LORD.’ ‘Praise’ means ‘tell someone that he is very great.’ ‘LORD’ is another name for God. It is the covenant name. A covenant is when two people, or groups of people, agree. Here, God agrees to love and send help to his people when they need it. His people agree to love and obey God.

Later, someone else wrote this psalm in a new way. They made it longer. It is in the book called the Jewish Apocrypha. The Apocrypha tells the story of the Jews between the Old Testament and the New Testament of our Bible. We call the new song ‘The Benedicite.’ Some Christians still sing it in their churches.

Everything – Praise the LORD! (The 3rd Hallelujah Psalm)

148:0The psalm has three parts:

– Verses 1-6: the psalmist tells everything in the sky to praise the LORD;

– Verses 7-10: the psalmist tells everything on the earth to praise the LORD (but not people);

– Verses 11-14: the psalmist tells people to praise the LORD.

1 Hallelujah!

Praise the LORD from the heavens.

Praise him in the high places.

2 Praise him, all his angels.

Praise him all his armies in heaven.

3 Praise him, sun and moon.

Praise him, all shining stars.

4 Praise him, highest heavens

and the waters above the sky.

5 They will all praise the name of the LORD,

because he created made them by his command.

6 He has fixed them in their places for all time.

This rule will never change.

148:6Verses 1-6 ‘From the heavens’ means ‘everything that is above the earth.’ In the Bible, heaven or the heavens means two things. It can mean the sky, where we can see the sun, moon and stars, (verse 3). Also, it can mean the home of God, where his angels also live, (verse 2). The angels are God's servants in heaven. Jews believed that there were waters above the sky, (verse 4). God created (made) all this by his word of command. A command is when we tell someone what they must do.

7-10 Praise the LORD from the earth:

· sea monsters and all deep waters,

· fire and hail,

· snow and clouds,

· wind and storm obeying his commands,

· mountains and all hills,

· fruit trees and all forests,

· wild animals and farm animals,

· reptiles and flying birds.

148:7-10Verses 7-10 Everything on the earth must also praise the LORD. We do not know how animals, birds, reptiles, snow, clouds, winds, storms, trees, hills and mountains all praise the LORD. But God knows, and accepts their praise. Hail is rain with ice in it. A monster is a very large animal. A reptile is an animal like a snake.

11-13 Praise the name of the LORD:

· kings of the earth and every country,

· princes and all rulers on earth,

· young men and young girls,

· old men and children.

The LORD's name is the only great name.

He is king over heaven and earth.

14 He has made his people strong.

So all the people that have accepted his kind love will praise him.

They are the people of Israel who are near to him.

Hallelujah!

148:14Verses 11-14 The psalm ends by telling people to praise the LORD. Everybody is here. The leaders of people and people themselves are here, young and old, male and female. A prince, (verse 12), is the son of a king.