Ezekiel 45:13-46:24

Offerings and holy days

13 You must take a sixth of a homer of grain to offer as a special gift. 14 The correct oil gift is a tenth of a bath from each cor (a cor is equal to ten baths or one homer). 15 You must take one sheep from every 200 sheep that live in the green land in Israel. You will use these gifts to offer to me. They are grain offerings, animals to burn and friendship offerings. These are sacrifices so that I can forgive your sin.” I, the Lord God, say that you must do this.

16 “All Israel's people must bring these offerings to the king in Israel.” This is what the Lord God says: 17 “The king must give the animals for the burnt sacrifices. He must give the grain and wine to offer at the people's feasts. He must give them for the New Moon feasts and the Sabbath days. He must give them the sin offerings, grain offerings, burnt offerings and friendship offerings. These are to pay for the sin of Israel's people.

18 This is what the Lord God says: On the first day of the first month you must take a bull to make the holy place clean. The animal must not have anything wrong with it. 19 The priest will take some of the blood of this sin offering. He will put some blood on the posts of the temple doors. And he must put blood on the corners of the altar. And he will put some on the gate posts of the inside temple yard. 20 You must also do this on the seventh day of the month. A person might sin by mistake and this will make the temple clean from their sin.

21 On the 14th day of the first month you must have a feast. You will have a feast for seven days. It is the Passover feast. And for that time you must not eat any bread that you have made with yeast.

45:21During the Passover, the Israelites remember how God brought them out of Egypt (Exodus 12). The Passover was on the 14th day of the first month. This month is about March to April in our calendar.

22 On that day the king must give a bull as a sin offering. It is an offering for himself and for all the people. 23 Every day of the feast he must give seven bulls and seven male sheep for burnt offerings to the Lord. He must also give a male goat each day for a sin offering. None of the animals can have anything wrong with it. 24 The king must give an ephah of grain with each cow and an ephah with each sheep. He must give a hin of oil with each ephah.

25 You will have a feast for seven days. It will begin on the 15th day of the seventh month. The king must give the same offerings for these seven days.” ’

45:25A homer measured about a hundred and seventy-five (175) litres. So a bath or an ephah would be about seventeen and a half (17½) litres. A hin was about four (4) litres. In the days of Ezekiel a shekel was about 11 grams.

Ezekiel 46

1 This is what the Lord God says: ‘You must keep shut the door of the inside yard that opens to the east. You must do this for the six days that you work. You must only open it on the seventh day and on the New Moon day. 2 The king must go through the entrance room by the gate. It is his way in from the outside yard. He must stand by the gate's posts. The priests must offer the king's burnt offering and his friendship offerings. He can worship there and then go out. But they must not shut the gate until the evening. 3 The people must also worship the Lord in front of the gate each Sabbath and New Moon feast. 4 Every Sabbath day, the king must bring a male sheep and six young male sheep. The priests will burn them as a sacrifice to the Lord. None of them should have anything wrong with them. 5 The king must bring an ephah of grain to sacrifice with the male sheep. He can give as much grain as he likes with the young sheep. And he must give a hin of oil with each ephah. 6 On the day of the New Moon he must offer a young bull, a male sheep and six young sheep. None of them can have anything wrong with it. 7 He must give an ephah of grain with the cow and an ephah with the sheep. He can give as much as he chooses with the young sheep. And he must give a hin of oil with each ephah of grain. 8 When the king goes in, he must go through the gate's entrance room. And he must go out by the same way.

9 The people will come to worship the Lord at the feast times that I give to them.

Then if they come in by the north gate they must go out by the south gate. And if they come in by the south gate they must go out by the north gate. Nobody can go out of the gate through which he came in. He must go out by the opposite gate. 10 The king must go with them. He must go in when they go in. He must go out when they go out.

11 They must offer an ephah of grain with a bull. And they must give an ephah with a sheep. They can give as much as they choose with a young sheep. They must give a hin of oil with each ephah.

This is what they must do on feast days. They must do it on each of the days that I have given to them for worship. 12 They must open the east gate for the king. He may want to make a special offering to the Lord. He can go in. He can make his burnt offering or friendship offering as he does on the Sabbath day. Then he must go out and they will shut the gate after him.

13 Every day, you must take a lamb that is one year old to give to the Lord as a burnt offering. It must have nothing that is wrong with it. You must sacrifice this sheep every morning, day after day. 14 And you must give a sixth of an ephah of grain with it. And you must put with it a third of a hin of oil. That is to keep the flour together. You must continue to offer the grain to the Lord until the end of time. 15 Every morning, you must offer the young sheep, the grain and the oil for a burnt sacrifice.

16 The king can make a gift to one of his sons. He can make it from the land that I gave him.’ This is what the Lord God says, ‘That land will belong to the son and to his children and grandchildren. It will become their land for all time. 17 But the king may give land to one of his servants. The servant can keep the land until the year of jubilee. Then they must give the land back to the king. The land belongs only to the king and his sons for all time. 18 The king must not take any land that belongs to the people. He can give only land that I have given to him to his sons. Nobody among the people must be without his land.’

46:17See Leviticus 25:10.

19 The man took me through the entrance by the gate. We came into the priest's holy rooms. These opened to the north. He showed me a place at the west end. 20 ‘This is the place where the priests will cook the offerings to pay for sin and other wrong things,’ he said. ‘They will bake the grain offerings here, too. In this way, they will not have to go into the outside yard. If they did that, they would make the people holy.’

21-22 Then he took me to the outside yard. He showed me the four corners. In each corner I saw another yard 20 metres long and fifteen (15) metres wide. 23 These smaller yards had walls round them. Under the walls they had made places for fire.

24 ‘The temple priests will work in these kitchens. Here they will cook the people's sacrifices,’ he said to me.