1 Timothy 5

How to help people in the church

1 Do not speak against an older man to tell him what he must do. Instead, ask him in a kind way, like you would speak to your father. Speak to younger men like they were your brothers. 2 Speak to older women as you would speak to your mother. Speak to younger women like they were your sisters, and always respect them properly.

Widows

3 Respect those widows in the church who are really alone. 4 If a widow has children or grandchildren, then they should take care of her. The children must help their parents or grandparents because they belong to the same family. Their parents helped them, so they need to give something back. The children need to learn that important lesson. It is what God's message teaches them to do, and it makes God happy. 5 Some widows are really alone and they have nobody to take care of them. A widow like that trusts God that he will help her. As a result, she prays a lot, at night and during the day, and she asks God to help her. 6 But some widows only want to enjoy themselves. For a widow like that, her spirit is already dead, even while she is still alive.

7 Teach everyone clearly to do those things. Then nobody can say that the believers are doing anything wrong. 8 Every believer must take care of his own family. Certainly, he must do that for the people who live with him in his home. If anyone does not do that, it shows that he has refused God's true message. That person is worse than someone who does not believe in Christ.

9 If you want to put a widow's name on the list of widows, this is what she must be like. She must be more than 60 years old. She must have been the wife of one husband. 10 People should know that she has done good things. For example, she must have been a good mother to her children. She must have received visitors into her home. She must have helped God's people as their servant. She must have taken care of people who had problems. She must have continued to do all kinds of good things like that.

5:9The church had a list of widows who needed help. These were widows who could also serve God's people in a good way. The church might help them with food or money.

11 But refuse to put the names of younger widows' on the list. They may decide to marry again, because they strongly want to have sex. Then they will no longer choose to serve Christ. 12 As a result, they will stop doing what they had earlier promised to do for the church. That will make them guilty.

5:12The church helped widows if their names were on its list. But probably those widows had to promise to serve the church in some way. They may have promised to serve Christ and not to marry again.

13 Young widows may also learn to be lazy, and just go from house to house. Not only do they become lazy, but they talk too much about silly things. They talk wrongly about other people and what they are doing. They say things that they ought not to say. 14 So, I think that widows who are still young women should marry again. Then they can have children and they can take care of their own homes. If they live well like that, any enemy will not have a chance to say bad things against us. 15 But some of the younger widows have already turned away from Christ, so that they can obey Satan.

16 A woman who believes in Christ should take care of any widows in her own family. Then the church will not have the trouble to do that work. Instead, the church will be able to help those widows who are really alone.

Leaders in the church

17 Everyone should respect leaders of the believers who lead the church well. The church should also pay them properly for their work. That is certainly true for leaders who teach God's people and speak God's message to them. 18 The Bible says: ‘You must not cover a cow's mouth when it is walking on the grain. Let it eat some of the grain’ The Bible also says: ‘You must pay a worker what his work is worth.’

5:17Paul uses a word for a leader here that is different from the word in 1 Timothy 3:1-7, but he may mean the same kind of leader in both places. These leaders are often called ‘elders’ in many churches today.
5:18Grain means seeds like wheat that people use to make flour. People used cows to walk on the seeds. This made the seeds separate from the other parts of the plants. While the cow worked, it could eat some of the seeds. Paul is saying that a good leader should receive something good for his work. See Deuteronomy 25:4; Luke 10:7.

19 Somebody may tell you that a leader of the believers has done something wrong. But do not accept that as true, unless two or three people say the same thing. 20 If a leader is really guilty and continues to do wrong things, you must do this: Speak against him when everyone in the church is there. They will hear what you say, and they will be afraid to do wrong things themselves.

21 I say this to you very strongly: Obey what I am telling you to do. Remember that God himself and Christ Jesus, together with their special angels, all watch what you do. Do not quickly decide if a leader has done right or wrong. Be fair and judge everyone in the same way. 22 Do not hurry to put your hands on anyone to choose him as a leader of the church. Perhaps that man has done something wrong. Then people might think that you agree with his sins. You yourself must always be careful to do what is right and good. 23 (I know that you often become ill. So do not drink only water, but drink a little wine. This will help your stomach to keep well.)

24 Some people do wrong things that everyone can see clearly. When those people are judged, everyone already knows that they are guilty. So everybody already knows that it is right to punish those people. But for other people, nobody knows about their sins until later. 25 It is the same with the good things that people do. Many good things are clear for everyone to see. And even the good things that people do secretly will not remain a secret for ever.