1 Samuel

About 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel

The books of 1 and 2 Samuel were once one book. Then men made this book into two separate parts. The name of the book is from the first important person in this book. He was Samuel the prophet. But Samuel died before the end of the book.
Someone wrote the book after King Solomon had died. He died 930 years before Christ was born. After Solomon died, God made the country called Israel into two countries, Israel and Judah. The country called Judah included the tribes of Judah and Benjamin. (See 1 Kings 12:1-24.)
The Israelites called their leaders ‘judges’. They were leaders of the Israelites for about 350 years after Joshua's death. Samuel was the last of the judges. He was also a prophet. Samuel anointed Saul to be the first king of Israel. But Saul did not obey God. So God chose another king, David, who would obey him. 1 Samuel tells us about Saul's death at the end of the book. 2 Samuel records the life of David as king.